Risk assessment in sustainable food supply chains: A holistic approach by using HOR-SWOT-ANP/AHP to ensuring performance improvement

Wike Agustin Prima Dania, Naila Maulidina Lu’ayya, Riska Septifani


The global food supply chain plays an essential role in economic development while addressing environmental and social issues in its business system. However, this complex network is exposed to various risk factors related to sustainability that can disrupt the supply chain performance. CV. XYZ is a food manufacturer that produces jackfruit chips in Indonesia. During the supply chain process, this company needs to manage the various risks across the supplier, manufacturer, and retailer stages. By identifying and evaluating risks at each stage, mitigation and improvement strategies can be proposed. Therefore, this research aimed to analyze the supply chain risk mitigation and performance improvement strategies for maintaining supply chain stability and performance. House of Risk (HOR) was applied to analyze the mitigation strategies, while SWOT with analytical networking process (ANP) or analytical hierarchy process (AHP)/ (i.e., SWOT-ANP/AHP method)was used for analyzing performance improvement strategies by considering the weight of each factor. The result shows that twelve mitigation strategies are needed to mitigate the fourteen risk agents that focus on improving production activities and human resources. Moreover, eleven strategies have been proposed to improve sustainable supply chain performance in the future, focusing more on marketing activities and enhancing human resource capabilities.


Risk mitigation; Supply chain performance improvement; Sustainable supply chain; Triple bottom line

Full Text:



Ayağ, Z., and Özdemir r, R. G. (2007) ‘An intelligent approach to ERP software selection through fuzzy ANP’, International Journal of Production Research, 45(10), pp. 2169-2194

Bili, F. A. (2022) ‘Determining marketing methods using SWOT analysis and QSPM’, Indonesian Journal of Multidisciplinary Science, 1(6), pp. 613-620

Chowdhury. M. M. H., and Quaddus, M. A. (2021) ‘Supply chain sustainability practices and governance for mitigating sustainability risk and improving market performance: A dynamic capability perspective’, Journal of Cleaner Production, 278, pp. 1-17

Dania, W. A. P., Tafarel, A., Septifani, R., Amer, Y., and Doan, L. (2023) ‘Supplier performance evaluation factors for agroindustrial supply chain: A systematic review’, Advances in Food Science, Sustainable Agriculture and Agroindustrial Engineering, 6(1), pp. 1-15

Dianawati, F., and Zamzamy, K. K. (2021) ‘Designing performance improvement strategy in automative companies using SCOR model and importance performance analysis’, Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 2089(1), pp. 1-14

Erol, H., Dikmen, I., Atasoy, G., and Birgonul, M. T. (2022) ‘An analytic network process model for risk quantification of mega construction projects’, Expert Systems With Applications, 191, pp. 1-17

Fritz, M. M. C., and Cordova, M. (2023) ‘Developing managers mindset to lead more sustainable supply chains’, Cleaner Logistics and Supply Chain, 7, pp. 1-13

Guhathakurta, R. (2022) ‘SCOR model: Key processes, advantages and disadvantages’, SSOAR, 7(12), pp. 1-6

Handayani, W., and Rabihah, S. E. (2021) ‘Risk Mitigation in supply chain management process: Procurement using house of risk method at PT. Pertamina EP Asset 4’, Jurnal Siasat Bisnis, 26(1), pp. 70-84

Hashemi, S. H., Karimi, A., and Tavana, M. (2015) ‘An integrated green supplier selection approach with analytic network process and improved Grey relational analysis’, International Production Economics, 159, pp. 178-191

Khan, A. U., and Ali., Y. (2020) ‘Analytical hierarchy process (AHP) and analytic network process (ANP) methods and their applications: A twenty year review from 2000-2019’, International Journal of the Analytic Hierarchy Process, 12(3), pp. 369-459

Kheybari, S., Rezaie, F. M., and Farazmand, H. (2020) ‘Analytic network process: An overview of application’, Applied Mathematics and Computation, 367, pp. 1-35

Kurniawan, S., Marzuky, D., Ryanto, R., and Agustine, V. (2021) ‘Risk and supply chain mitigation analysis using house of risk method and analytical netwrok process’, The Winners, 22(2), pp. 123-136

Lestari, F., Mas’ari, A., Meilani, S., Riandika, I. N., and Hamid, A. B. A. (2021) ‘Risk mitigation via integrating house of risk and probability impact matrix in halal food supply chain’, Industrial Engineering Journal, 22(2), pp. 138-153

Oktari, R. S., Latuamury, B., Idroes, R., Sofyan, H., and Munadi, K. (2023) ‘Knowledge management strategy for managing disaster and the COVID-19 pandemic in Indonesia: SWOT analysis based on the analytic network process’, International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction, 85, pp. 2-11

Putri, Y. D., Huda, L. N., and Sinulingga, S. (2019) ‘The concept of supply chain management performance measurement with the supply chain operation reference model (Journal review)’, IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering, pp. 1-6

Razi, P. Z., Ramli, N. I., Ali, M. I., and Ramadhansyah, P. J. (2020) ‘Selection of best consultant by using analytical hierarchy process (AHP)’, IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering, pp. 1-10

Saaty, T. L. (2008) ‘Relative measurement and its generalization in decision making why pairwise comparisons are central in mathematics for the measurement of intangible factors the analytic hierarchy/network process’, RACSAM, 102(2), pp. 251-318

Sahu, A. K., Sahu, N. K., and Sahu, A. K. (2023) ‘Laminating STRATH blockchain technology-SWOT architectures to ensure business strategy between digital transformation, firms and supply chains capabilities for sustainability’, Journal of Cleaner Production, 383, pp. 1-20

Subriadi, A. P., and Najwa, N. F. (2020) ‘The consistency analysis of failure mode and effect analysis (FMEA) in information technology risk assessment’, Heliyon, 6(1), pp. 1-12

Wibowo, D. A., and Ahyudanari, E. (2020) ‘Application of house of risk (HOR) models for risk mitigation of procurement in the Balikpapan Samarinda Toll road project’, IPTEK Journal of Proceeding Series, pp. 171-177

Zahra, A. F. A., Wahyudin., and Nugraha, B. (2021) ‘The implementation of the strategy of marketing management through a SWOT analysis with the matrix of IFE, EFE, and IE’, Serambi Engineering, 6(2), pp. 1721-1729

Zare, K., Tekmeh, J. M., and Karimi, S. (2015) ‘A SWOT framework for analyzing the electricity supply chain using an integrated AHP methodology combined with fuzzy-TOPSIS’, Internatonal Strategic Management Review, 3(1), pp. 66-80

Zulfa, F. J., and Rachmawati, I. (2021) ‘The analysis of SWOT and IE matrix toward marketing strategy PT. Bumi Mulia seed’, E-Proceeding Management, 8(5), pp. 5549- 5557

DOI: https://doi.org/10.21776/ub.afssaae.2024.007.01.4


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2024 Wike Agustin Prima Dania

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.