Selection of alternative solution for implementing green productivity of milk agroindustry in Malang Raya

Andan Linggar Rucitra, Ardaneswari Dyah Pitaloka Citraresmi, Widhistya Kartikaningrum


The dairy agroindustry in Malang Raya has high development potential due to the increasing market demand for dairy products. Previous studies have analyzed the application of green productivity at SMEs Milk X in Malang City and proposed alternative solutions to make liquid organic fertilizers, install wastewater treatment equipment, and utilize wastewater as hydroponic growing media. This study aimed to follow up the results of previous studies, focusing on selecting alternative solutions to be applied to SMEs Milk X and analyze the green productivity index (GPI) value from the selected alternative solutions. In selecting alternatives, the analytical hierarchy process (AHP) method was used with data obtained from questionnaires. The results obtained indicate that the selected alternative solution that potentially to be applied in the SMEs Milk X was the manufacture of liquid organic fertilizer. In this alternative, the GPI value increased from 0.24 to 1.078.


Analytical hierarchy process; Cost; GPI; Small-medium enterprises

Full Text:



Cerri, B. C., Borreli, L. M., Stelutti, I. M., Soares, M. R., da Silva, M. A. (2020) ‘Evaluation of new environmental friendly particulate soil fertilizers based on agroindustry wastes biopolymers and sugarcane vinasse’, Waste Management, 108, pp. 144–153

Chen, Y., Yu, J., and Khan, S. (2013) ‘The spatial framework for weight sensitivity analysis in AHP-based multi-criteria decision making’, Environmental Modelling and Software, 48, pp. 129–140

De Vries, A., Kaylegian, K. E., and Dahl, G. E. (2020) ‘MILK symposium review: Improving the productivity, quality, and safety of milk in Rwanda and Nepal’, Journal of Dairy Science, 103(11), pp. 9758–9773

Hou, C., Chen, H., Long, R., Zhang, L., Yang, M., and Wang, Y. (2021) ‘Construction and empirical research on evaluation system of green productivity indicators: Analysis based on the correlation-fuzzy rough set method’, Journal of Cleaner Production, 279, pp. 1-11

Lähdesmäki, M., and Suutari, T. (2020) ‘Good workers, good firms? Rural SMEs legitimising immigrant workforce’, Journal of Rural Studies, 77, pp. 1–10

Lei, C., and Engeseth, N. J. (2021) ‘Comparison of growth characteristics, functional qualities, and texture of hydroponically grown and soil-grown lettuce’, LWT, 150, pp. 1-10

Lermen, F. H., Echeveste, M. E., Peralta, C. B., Sonego, M., and Marcon, A. (2018) ‘A framework for selecting lean practices in sustainable product development: The case study of a Brazilian agroindustry’, Journal of Cleaner Production, 191, pp. 261–272

Liu, F., Zou, S. C., and Li, Q. (2020) ‘Deriving priorities from pairwise comparison matrices with a novel consistency index’, Applied Mathematics and Computation, 374, pp. 1-16

Livdan, D. and Nezlobin, A. (2021) ‘Investment, capital stock, and replacement cost of assets when economic depreciation is non-geometric’, Journal of Financial Economics, 142(3), pp. 1444–1469

Livestock Service Office of East Java Province (2019) Produksi Susu Sapi Segar (Production of Fresh Cow's Milk) [Online] Available at: (Accessed: 17 November 2021).

Luo, Y., Lu, Z., Salman, M., and Song, S. (2022) ‘Impacts of heterogenous technological innovations on green productivity: An empirical study from 261 cities in China’, Journal of Cleaner Production, 334, pp. 1-13

Mandaka, S., and Hutagaol, M. P. (2015) ‘Analisis fungsi keuntungan, efisiensi ekonomi dan kemungkinan skema kredit bagi pengembangan skala usaha peternakan sapi perah rakyat di Kelurahan Kebon Pedes, Kota Bogor (Profit function analysis, economic efficiency and possible credit schemes for the development of smallholder dairy farming businesses in Kebon Pedes Village, Bogo City)’, Jurnal Agro Ekonomi, 23(2), pp. 191–209 [In Indonesian]

Marimin, Darmawan, M. A., Machfud, Putra, M. P. I. F., Wiguna, B. (2014) ‘Value chain analysis for green productivity improvement in the natural rubber supply chain: A case study’, Journal of Cleaner Production, 85, pp. 201–211

Mastrocinque, E., Ramirez, F. J., Honrubia-Escribano, A., and Pham, D. T. (2020) ‘An AHP-based multi-criteria model for sustainable supply chain development in the renewable energy sector’, Expert Systems with Applications, 150, pp. 1-17

Onkelinx, J., Manolova, T. S., and Edelman, L. F. (2016) ‘The human factor: Investments in employee human capital, productivity, and SME internationalization’, Journal of International Management, 22(4), pp. 351–364

Oraman, Y., Azabagaoglu, M. O., and Inan, I. H. (2011) ‘The firms’ survival and competition through global expansion: A case study from food industry in FMCG sector’, Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 24, pp. 188–197

Perzina, R., and Ramík, J. (2014) ‘Microsoft Excel as a tool for solving multicriteria decision problems’, Procedia Computer Science, 35, pp. 1455–1463

Ramadhan, D. R., Mulatsih, S., and Amin, A. A. (2015) ‘Keberlanjutan sistem budi daya ternak sapi perah pada peternakan rakyat di Kabupaten Bogor (Sustainable dairy cattle farming systems: A case study of smallholders in Bogor District)’, Jurnal Agro Ekonomi, 33(1), pp. 51–72 [In Indonesian]

Sahu, A. K., Padhy, R. K., Das, D., and Gautam, A. (2021) ‘Improving financial and environmental performance through MFCA: A SME case study’, Journal of Cleaner Production, 279, pp. 1-19

Sar, T., Harirchi, S., Ramezani, M., Bulkan, G., Akbas, Pandey, A., Taherzadeh, M. J. (2021) ‘Potential utilization of dairy industries by-products and wastes through microbial processes: A critical review’, Science of The Total Environment, 810, pp. 1-18

Tricarico, J. M., Kebreab, E., and Wattiaux, M. A. (2020) ‘MILK Symposium review: Sustainability of dairy production and consumption in low-income countries with emphasis on productivity and environmental impact’, Journal of Dairy Science, 103(11), pp. 9791–9802

Wei, C., Wei, J., Kong, Q., Fan, D., Qiu, G., Feng, C., Li, F., Preis, S., and Wei, C. (2020) ‘Selection of optimum biological treatment for coking wastewater using analytic hierarchy process’, Science of the Total Environment, 742, pp. 1-12

Wu, Z., and Tu, J. (2021) ‘Managing transitivity and consistency of preferences in AHP group decision making based on minimum modifications’, Information Fusion, 67, pp. 125–135

Yan, Z., Zou, B., Du, K., and Li, K. (2020) ‘Do renewable energy technology innovations promote China’s green productivity growth? Fresh evidence from partially linear functional-coefficient models’, Energy Economics, 90, pp. 11-11

Zhao, Y., Song, X., Wang, F., and Cui, D. (2020) ‘Multiobjective optimal dispatch of microgrid based on analytic hierarchy process and quantum particle swarm optimization’, Global Energy Interconnection, 3(6), pp. 562–570

Zhang, S., Liu, Y., and Huang, D. H. (2021) 'Understanding the mystery of continued rapid economic growth', Journal of Business Research, 124, 529-537



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2022 Ardaneswari Dyah Pitaloka Citraresmi, Andan Linggar Rucitra, Widhistya Kartikaningrum

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.